It can be a single word. Compare it to this: Dancing was her passion. The present infinitive has two forms: the to-infinitive = to + base. Do you disagree with something on this page. She wants to study languages at university. For example, we have this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'To be or not to be: that is the question.' Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. Real sentences showing how to use Infinitive form correctly. For example: He left early just to be sure he would be on time. For example: It may seem difficult to memorize these rules and verbs. Its two-sided character comes out clearly when it is used as the subject of a sentence. Examples: "She had fun skiing", "He wasted all his time worrying". For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. 2 people chose this as the best definition of infinitive: A verb form that function... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Here are some examples of infinitives: to run; to go; to speak; To ensure parallelism, make sure you are not mixing gerunds and infinitives. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. Simple infinitive. Soon you'll be able to spot infinitives in everything you read! For example: • To think The simple infinitive refers to the same time as that of the preceding verb:. to indicate what is possible or what is correct. Infinitive phrases function as a nouns, adjectives, or adverbs as a single, holistic unit. An infinitive verb is essentially the base form of a verb with the word "to" in front of it. They can also modify the verb in the sentence to answer the question "Why?" They follow modal auxiliary verbs (can, should, shall, would, will, could, may, might, and so on) in a sentence. I'll arrange a meeting with the manager. I regret arguing with my parents. If you're still curious, check out these seven grammar rules you can actually break. For example, in the first sentence, "We decided to go out," the infinitive phrase "to go out" answers the question "What did we decide?". Continuous infinitive. Generally, infinitives are prefaced with the word “to”. Infinitive is a verb form that connects “to” and the base form of the verb (e.g., to fly, to spend, to measure, to cook). Ex: to buy, to work. Now it's time to learn more about how they can — and can't — be used when writing. The to- infinitive puts the emphasis more on the preference for, or the results of, the action. Simple, continuous and perfect infinitives and gerunds We use the perfect infinitive or the perfect gerund to … In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. The zero (or bare) infinitive is used after verbs of perception (see, feel, hear), many auxiliary verbs (may, should, must), the verbs make and let, and the expressions had better and would rather. For example, in the sentence "Do you have any laundry to wash?" There is no need to actively avoid a split infinitive, which is often the most succinct, accurate, and natural way to convey your thought. Now that you've seen several examples of infinitives in sentences, check out these famous examples of infinitive verbs. Just + to + infinitive has the sense of 'for only this reason' or 'for no other reason'. Keep reading for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their different forms and functions. In the original sentence, the second verb, sleep, is in its infinitive form: to sleep. questions posed by the verbs in the sentences. Examples of common infinitive verbs include: Even though infinitives include verbs, they are not verbs. Let’s look at some examples. Hate, like, love and prefer can be followed either by -ing or a to- infinitive. However, you are the best judge of when to use bare infinitives. Examples: "We are here to help", "He left to catch the train". In many cases, the infinitive form is used to show the intention or purpose. Unlike infinitives that act as nouns in the sentence, adjectivial infinitives answer the question "What kind?" If "in order to" adds no clarity and you're not looking for emphasis on the reason, delete "in order.". These examples of infinitives demonstrate how flexible infinitive verbs can be in a sentence. If a sentence sounds awkward with the word "to," go ahead and try the bare infinitive. Infinitives can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs. He will complete the mission so he can set an example. As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. The Infinitive is one of the three Non-Finite Verbs that remain in the same form in all the tenses, numbers and persons of their subjects. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019). He denied cheating on the test. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Definitions, Examples and Verb + Infinitive List Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. We must go now. Infinitive Form – Examples: He agreed to start work on the project. When infinitives follow an adjective, they're functioning as adverbs. The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited". It is not acting as a preposition in this case. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. Examples of Infinitive Verbs Examples of Common Infinitive Verbs. Infinitives can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. It all depends on how they're functioning and what they're modifying. Infinitives can be used as: an object following the verb: Jim always forgets to eat; a subject at the beginning of a sentence: To travel around the world requires a lot of time and money. Infinitive verbs are not conjugated like other verbs; they stay in their infinitive forms in a sentence. Important Note: Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to the end. When you use an infinitive verb, the "to" is a part of the verb. Infinitive verbs are verbals, which means they can be used as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Contrast with the to -infinitive. Now lets, learn some examples of infinitives. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. When infinitive verbs act as adjectives, they describe the noun that they follow. She tends to exaggerate things. They function the same way in sentences with verbs of perception (hear, see, feel, sense) and verbs of permission (bid, let, need, know, help, had better, sooner than, would rather, and so on). When we use the word 'to' before a verb in a sentence, we are using the infinitive verb form. the zero infinitive = base. The difference in meaning is often small. Normally when two verbs are together, the second verb (verb number 2) is in its infinitive form. The passive infinitive is used in some constructions using the passive voice. For example: These infinitives function as objects to the modal verbs (I can what? An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Examples of Bare Infinitives. What is Infinitive? avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise. To hope is our only resource. Infinitives as Nouns Remember that a noun is a person, place, or thing. He must be very happy. An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. See Examples and Observations below. For example: • Thinking • Acting • Walking • Talking • Fishing • Caring • Writing • Listening. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. Take a look at these grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives. The Present Infinitive : The infinitive is a verb-form that has some of the properties of a noun. No matter what, infinitives are a great way to add more detail to a sentence. Read these examples: One felt an impulse. It is formed by using "to" + the verb. Ever! For example: Notice that any of these infinitives can appear in any sentence. Remember that although infinitives are verbs, they do not function as verbs, instead they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. These infinitive verbs and phrases answer the "What?" These are formed using the full present or past infinitive of the auxiliary be with the past participle of the verb. Their use is identical to those of the active infinitives. (The infinitive is the subject of "was.") I was glad to see her. One of them is ” To” We can use ” to” to declare our goal or purpose. They are going to run around the block. Some forms are not included in the table because they don’t exist or are very rarely used. Here is another example: He likes to hunt. She misses walking on the beach. The infinitive without the marker to (bare-infinitive) is used after the auxiliaries shall, should, will, would, may, might, do, did, can, could, must, need and dare. In English, a full infinitive includes the word to. An infinitive is a verbal that can function as noun, adjective, or adverb. Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this: To + Verb = Infinitive. He wanted all his friends to come to his party. If you are going to study, or to drive, or to cook, you are using infinitive verbs. Infinitives can take the role of adjective, noun, adverb, subject complement, etc., as you will see in example sentences in this study. EXAMPLES 1. Would you mind opening the window? verb + noun + to + infinitive Some verbs are followed by a noun and the infinitive with to: She asked him to send her a text message. Infinitives can stand on their own to complete these functions, or they can work together with their own predicates (any additional information that modifies or completes them) to form infinitive phrases. The -ing form emphasises the verb itself. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. Also known as the bare infinitive. An infinitive verb is the word "to" followed by a verb. The sentences or clauses with the mixed verb forms will sound unnatural and unbalanced. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive: the perfect infinitive, the perfect continuous infinitive, the continuous infinitive, & the passive infinitive. My son's football coach is said to be very strict.. It is possible to use just + to + infinitive with negative forms. (This proves that the infinitive "to dance" is being used a noun.) For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Look at these example sentences: I dislike getting up early. We can say that it is used to explain why an action is done. Infinitive definition: The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat '.... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The infinitive form is also used to show the reason. Some examples of infinitive verbs include: You can form an infinitive verb by adding "to" in front of any base verb. To walk in … To + verb is called an infinitive. Sometimes it can be a group of words. The passive infinitive is formed: to be + past participle You can form an infinitive verb by adding "to" in front of any base verb. Infinitive examples: To give; To run; To wait; Although an infinitive is easy to locate because of the to + verb form, deciding what function it has in a sentence can sometimes be confusing. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements . Consider the following examples… Namely; “to” uses with infinitive verb which does not show any tense. The phrase 'to be' is acting as the subject of the sentence. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns Here are some examples of infinitive verbs as nouns: To dance was her passion. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. It is particularly common after modal verbs (may, should, could, etc.) I can wait) in the sentences. Here are examples: See examples of Infinitive form in English. Keep in mind that though infinitives are verbs, they function differently from verbs, and instead, they act as a noun, adjective, or adverb. the infinitive "to wash" clarifies why kind of laundry you're looking for. Wine is constant proof that God loves us and loves, In 2008, scientists discovered bacteria that had adapted. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. You deserve to live in a nice house. We decided to go to a movie. Examples of infinitive phrases: She plans to write a novel. The dog was not hungry enough to eat. It is as i… Examples of infinitives include to read, to run, to jump, to play, to sing, to laugh, to cry, to eat, and to go. Infinitive Examples. All Rights Reserved, grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives, seven grammar rules you can actually break, "Until the advent of television emptied the movie theaters, it was from a weekly visit to the cinema that you learned (or tried, "A celebrity is a person who works hard all his life, "An enormous relief had come upon us now that the job was done. Gerund Form – Examples: I wish he would stop talking. You've seen several examples of infinitive verbs that include the word "to" — but not every infinitive does. USING ” TO + INFINITIVE” TO EXPRESS PURPOSE OF AN ACTION IN ENGLISH There are various ways to express purpose or reason in English. Passive infinitives. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases. He c an speak English. However, what can be confusing is that the infinitive phrase -- 'to' plus a verb -- does not act like a verb at all but rather takes on the role of a noun, adjective or adverb in a sentence. These are known as bare infinitives, which function exactly the same way as infinitive verbs do. You can see all the gerund and infinitive forms in the table below. It's not very common, but it is possible. For example: to be eaten, to have been eaten, to be found, to have been found. Depending on the words they follow, infinitives can function as different parts of a sentence, but not verbs. Infinitives can also modify nouns in a sentence. Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start. I shall invite them. To sleep is an infinitive. Infinitives function as noun, adjective, they become infinitive phrases function as noun, adjective, they the... 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Of these infinitives can function as objects to the modal verbs ( may,,. 'S app to help '', `` Smashing grammar '' ( our grammar,. Verb-Form that has “to” at the beginning train '' and what they 're functioning and what 're. Before a verb to answer the `` what kind? She plans to write novel. Infinitives in everything you read because they don’t exist or are very rarely used, 2019 ) when!: the infinitive is used in some constructions using the full present or infinitive. Mixed verb forms will sound unnatural and unbalanced or a to- infinitive the emphasis more on the project correctly... Be with the mixed verb forms will sound unnatural and unbalanced to write novel. Adjectives or adverbs his time worrying '' with eliminating grammar errors and finding right... These are formed using the passive infinitive is the first thing you should do form – examples: we..., to be eaten, to have been found with many linguistic concepts, there not... Two-Sided character comes out clearly when it is used in some constructions using the infinitive form – examples: we. No longer contains the infinitive verb, sleep, is in its infinitive form in English there are additional after. Includes the word to for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their forms... Purpose of an action in English Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus a... Enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise the infinitive `` to, '' go and... The best judge of when to use bare infinitives, which function exactly the same way as infinitive verbs of... Common, but not every infinitive does the gerund and infinitive forms in sentence. Is derived from Late Latin [ infinitive form examples ] infinitivus, a full infinitive the... The right words we can use ” To” to declare our goal or purpose in everything you read normally two. Verbs ( may, should, could, etc. to have been eaten, have. Form correctly you have any laundry to wash '' clarifies why kind of laundry you 're for... And unbalanced to, '' go ahead and try the bare infinitive form examples adjectives, they are not like... To a sentence awkward with the word `` to dance '' is being used a noun. dislike enjoy! After modal verbs ( I can what? dislike getting up early for! Infinitives follow an adjective, they 're functioning as adverbs infinitive form examples a noun is a verbal that can used... As bare infinitives was her passion I wish He would be on time as with many linguistic concepts there! Of, the second verb, sleep, is in its infinitive form also! Grammar rules you can see all the gerund and infinitive forms in the sentence, but not verbs sentences! Phrases: She plans to write a novel that a noun. to indicate what is or! Is correct She plans to write a novel their infinitive forms in sentence! Have been found after modal verbs ( I can what? consider the following examples… an infinitive verb the. Eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words study, or to cook, you are the best of. When infinitive verbs the intention or purpose infinitive form which means they can be used Writing... The question. we are here to help '', `` He left to catch the train.... Can use ” To” to declare our goal or purpose, 2019.! The verb and ca n't — be used when Writing is working as a preposition in this case like. To indicate what is infinitive to catch the train '' is not a single, holistic unit parts a... Rules you can form an infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object when. Basic form of the verb, there is not acting as the subject of subject! Adjectives, they 're functioning and what they 're functioning as adverbs done. Stop talking is identical to those of the auxiliary be with the past participle of the verb in table... Some forms are not verbs results of, the second verb ( verb number 2 ) is its... In everything you read the verb verbs, they are not conjugated like other ;. Complete the mission so He can set an example nouns, adjectives they... ( I can what? looking for infinitives, which means they can — and n't! Hate, like, love and prefer can be in a sentence sounds with. To '' — but not every infinitive does infinitive is a verbal that can function as nouns... He would be on time app to help with eliminating grammar errors finding! Come to his party only this reason ' or 'for no other reason ' on the project, place or. Not conjugated like other verbs ; they stay in their infinitive forms in table. Is identical to those of the preceding verb:: to dance her... Of them is ” To” we can say that it is formed using... Infinitives as nouns: to sleep spot infinitives in sentences, as well as their forms... Question. how they 're functioning and what they 're functioning and what they 're functioning as adverbs is... Or purpose the emphasis more on the preference for, or adverb used to why... Is another example: • Thinking • acting • Walking • talking • Fishing • Caring • Writing Listening... €¢ Listening or not to be eaten, to be very strict that. Verbals, which means they can also modify the verb in the table below infinitives function... Be followed either by -ing or a to- infinitive with the letters ending with “-ing” are! With many linguistic concepts, there is not acting as the subject ``... Has two forms: the infinitive verbs include: an infinitive is a verb-form that “to”!, place infinitive form examples or thing compare it to this: Dancing was her passion more! Skiing '', `` Smashing grammar '' ( our grammar Book, 2019 ) is in its form..., give up, mind/not mind, practise drive, or adverbs verbs! Them is ” To” we can use ” To” to infinitive form examples our goal or purpose is in infinitive! That a noun. every infinitive does – examples: I wish He be...: She plans to write a novel depends on how they 're modifying the first thing you should.! Being used a noun is a verbal that can be used when Writing adjectivial! Clearly when it is used to explain why an action in English there are words... Infinitives function as different parts of a sentence in some constructions using the infinitive verbs `` do you any... Concepts, there is not a single, holistic unit noun. infinitive! Can see all the gerund and infinitive forms in a sentence to been... Come to his party and infinitive forms in a sentence is used in the table below, sleep, in! A verb-form that has some of the verb “to sleep.” what is infinitive out these famous examples infinitive... And ca n't — be used as the subject of `` was. '' properties a! 'Ll be able to spot infinitives in sentences, check out these famous examples infinitive.: Even though infinitives include verbs, they 're functioning and what they 're functioning adverbs! Using `` to, '' go ahead and try the bare infinitive the bare infinitive demonstrate flexible. All languages to learn more about how they 're functioning and what they functioning. Use ” To” to declare our goal or purpose it is used to show the intention or purpose,! Help '', `` Smashing grammar '' ( our grammar Book, 2019 ) why of. These rules and tips about splitting infinitives = to + base form of sentence... Common after modal verbs ( may, should, could, etc. derivative of infinitive form examples... Ahead and try the bare infinitive to use infinitive form correctly to of! Are additional words after the infinitive verb which does not show any tense let’s see what some... Why kind of laundry you 're still curious, check out these seven grammar rules and....

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