They commonly take the place of more specific nouns, such as a person’s name, in conversation and in writing. +1-858-859-3023 (USA) un appareil-photo(camera) is masculine: appareil (appliance, device) is masc., and photo is fem. NOTE that e also marks the feminine when talking about animals: le chat, la chatte(the cat), le chien, la chienne (the dog). Examples: un étalon (a stallion), un cerf (a stag), une chatte (female cat), un chat (a male cat), etc. The question that all our students ask us is: How can one know or recognize the gender of a particular word? 3. The following endings are always masculine: —”eu”: feu (fire), jeu (game), cheveu (hair), etc. the form like: my sister’s car, requieres DE in French: la voiture de ma soeur. More about De. —”age”: courage (courage), fromage (cheese), garage (garage), voyage (travel), ménage & nettoyage (cleaning), etc. un avant-bras (forearm) is masc., like bras (arm); une arrière-boutique (back shop) is fem., like boutique (shop); – Marie est une jeune activiste. = Marie is a young activist.  BUT there are a few exceptions, such as: la plage (the beach), une cage (a cage). ; When we use third parties to assist us in processing your personal information, we require that they comply with our Privacy Policy and any other appropriate confidentiality and security measures. = The house, the cabin, the castle and the barn are inhabited the whole year long. —La robe, le manteau, la jupe et la veste sont bleus.= The dress, the coat, the skirt and the jacket are all blue. Such information may include the date and time of your visit, the La fenêtre de la maison; the window of the house L’amour de l’ argent: Love of money Le chapeau du roi: the hat of the king. Finally, some logic! Examples: LANGUAGES AT HOME LTD When talking about certain animals in French, you refer to the male version of the species with a masculine noun and the female of the species with a feminine noun. BUT there are a few exceptions, such as: une main (a hand), la fin (the end). We may also share information with third parties in limited circumstances, including when complying with legal process, preventing fraud or imminent harm, and ensuring the security of our network and How to Know Which One to Use? Globally, there is no specific reason for it; the determination of its gender depends very much on its origin, with the suggestion that the word refers to something which is supposed to be more masculine or feminine. about your visits to this and other websites in order to provide advertisements about goods and services of interest to you. Examples: In many respects, it is quite similar to that of the other Romance languages.. French is a moderately inflected language. Email: We may also use personal information for auditing, research and analysis to operate and improve our technologies and services. Example: une année-lumière(light year) is fem., as well as the two words which compose it: année (year) and lumière (light). The present, imperfect, future and conditional tenses in French are made up of just one word, for example, je donne, tu finissais, il attendra or j’aimerais. —”ou”: bijou (jewel), chou(cabbage), cou (neck), etc. There are some exceptions. Good news – there’s a plural “the” (les), but it stays the same for groups/things of either gender. 2. Why is malheur (misfortune) masculine and peur (fear) feminine? BUT there is one exception: une jument(a mare — female horse). However, some website features or services may not function properly 3. even if faute (mistake) is fem. —”in”: destin (destiny), sein (breast), terrain (piece of land), bain (bath), pain (bread), grain (grain), frein (brake), coin (corner), etc. It remains like this even if armoire disappeared over the years from this compound noun in everyday language. In some cases, we use third-party advertising companies to serve ads when you visit our website. The perfect tense has TWO parts to it: the present tense of the verb avoir (meaning to have) or être (meaning to be) cadeau translate: gift, present, offering, gift, present. The server on which the Web Site is located collects and saves only the default information customarily logged by web server software. Still, there are a few rules or patterns that can provide some clues. Unfortunately, most of the time they just have to try and memorize them, and to admit that they will always make mistakes, that the French will easily understand anyway. EXCEPT for a word describing a person, in such case it is feminine when it concerns a woman. BUT there are a few exceptions: un rouge-gorge(robin) is masculine, even if gorge (throat) is fem. For example, why is boulevard masculine and avenue feminine? the official opinions of several French language authorities. un chasse-neige(snowplough) is masculine: chasse, from chasser (to hunt) is masc., neige (snow) is fem. Out of all French verbs, the regular -er verbs are by far the largest group—larger than the regular -ir and -re groups, the stem-changing verbs, and the irregular verbs. Sometimes, the feminine form of a profession follows the pattern of er/ère, as in boulanger/boulangère. When a compound word is composed of a noun and an adverb, it is usually of the same gender as the noun. NO, grammatical gender in French is NOT crucial. EXCEPTIONS: un poisson (a fish), un avion (a plane),  un lion, etc. If you would like to know more about these practices and your choices My Account | Contact Us | Student Forum. la bande-annonce (trailer) is feminine: bande is fem., and annonce is fem. —”eil”: sommeil (sleep), réveil (waking up), soleil (sun), conseil (advice, council), etc. When a compound word is composed of a noun and an adjective, it is most of the time the same gender as the noun. Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. Reflexive Pronouns. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Conjugating French Masculine And Feminine. However French does not use adverbs to modify nouns as easily as English does. Whether you say un après-midi or une après-midi, you are never wrong! about you when you visit the Web Site unless you choose to provide that information. —”ouil”: fenouil (fennel) — the only one with this ending. However, there are MANY EXCEPTIONS to this rule. Examples: from the Web Site. I then analyze the results of a survey in which I ask French speakers of both French and foreign origin to provide masculine and feminine forms of profession words. A "cookie" is a small file containing a string of characters that is sent to your computer when you visit a website. But it would be a loss of time to find any real logic. While for human beings there is an e at the end of both un homme (man), a masculine word, and une femme (woman), feminine. 4. NOTE that nowadays it is acceptable to write entête as one word. This is the same for words. une avant-première (preview) is fem., like première (first, fem. —eur: couleur (color), peur (fear), erreur (mistake), douleur (pain), fleur (flower), chaleur (heat), etc. —on, ion, and especially tion: maison (house), passion, décision, situation, solution, profession, collection, etc. like fils; I’ve now finished Level 1 and I think it’s a huge difference in my French skills now compared to before. Why is magazine masculine and revue, which has exactly the same meaning, feminine? NOTE: They can be either masculine or feminine because they refer to the profession, the specialty or the personality of an individual. F = Feminine M = Masculine Most countries that end in the letter E are feminine in French. In French, you have a masculine “the” (le) and a feminine “the” (la). These companies may use information (not including your name, address, email address, or telephone number) la basse-cour (poultry) is fem., like cour (courtyard); As with majority of the French adjectives, there is a masculine and feminine form for most of the names of nationalities. Le métal and le minéral are masculine, as are all metals: 1. acier – steel 2. or – gold 3. plomb – leadand most minerals: 1. le gypse – gypsum 2. le mica – mica 3. le sel – saltExceptions: l’argile (clay), la fluorite (fluorite), les pyrites (pyrite), la silice (silica)La gemme, la pierre, and la roche are feminine, but most gems, stones, and rocks are masculine: 1. diamant – diamond 2. marbre – marble 3. charbon – coalExceptions: une … Habiter is a french first group verb. The Translation Bureau recommends using the masculine noun audit (the final "t" is pronounced) as the French equivalent of the English word audit in the field of accounting. 1.De: of. —”er”: panier (basket), courrier (mail), baiser (kiss), etc. Each time you have an enumeration of words, if only one is masculine, the whole group will be masculine when an adjective is used to modify the group. As we have learned in the verbs section, reflexive verbs express an action that … In a few languages, the gender assignment of nouns is solely determined by their meaning or attributes, like biological sex, humanness, or animacy. advertising. The Web Site and third party advertisers may use cookies and other technologies such as web beacons to keep track of the web searches you make while visiting this website, as well as your web surfing French Translation of “present” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. Used with uncountable nouns like chocolate, water, and money* For example: The word cheval (horse) is masculine, whereas jument (mare) is feminine, because they both reflect the gender of the animal. This is because, originally, the full expression was “armoire garde-robe“, which was feminine like the first noun, armoire (closet, cabinet). ; un sèche-cheveux(hair dryer) is masculine: sèche comes from sécher (to dry), cheveu (hair) is masc. The Web Site processes personal information on servers in the United States of America. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Nouns, All about french nouns focus on gender, Adjectives, June 2011 grammar corner french prepositions for, Present tense 1, French study guide, French adjectives, Introduction to french grammar what type of word is this. French essential key expressions, idioms and verbs, La Rochelle: A Charming French Port that Seduces the English. un sans-faute (faultless) is masc. BUT there are a few exceptions, the most important one is maman (mum). une station-service(gas filling station) is feminine: station is fem., and service is masc. When you refer to a group of people, there only needs to be one man in the group for the entire group to be masculine when defining or describing it (we would definitely say ils and not elles when referring to the members of a mixed group). +33 (0)9 70 40 81 17 (FR) BUT there are a few exceptions: un côté (a side), un été (a summer), un comité (a committee), etc. Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine, and neuter; or animate and inanimate. They always have the same spelling, but their gender depends on whether the person you are talking about is a woman or a man. français / français e. Most of the time it will change the pronunciation français / français e (z) but there are some exceptions where it stays the same: Eg of premier). We may use personal information to provide the services you've requested, including services that display customized content and advertising. Examples: un tire-bouchon(corkscrew) is masculine: tire is the verb tirer (to pull) in the present tense and in the 3rd person singular, while bouchon (cork) is masc. Example: un anglophone, une anglophone. It’s really important to master well the French adjectives as they are a lot different from the English ones for example. ISSN : 2393-073X; ijdmsr.editor@gmail.com; Home; About Us; Call For Paper; Paper Submission; Editorial Board; Issue. English Translation of “présent” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. There is just one single present tense in French, unlike in English where the present tense has two different forms, the present simple and the present progressive, The Present Tense in French, le temps présent, is used to express both momentary action and progressive action. user preferences and other information. Adjectives ALWAYS have to agree in gender and number with the noun they describe. NOTE: Some of these words can become feminine by adding an “e” at the end, and the pronunciation changes as you can notice by listening to the audio link: un coquin, une coquine (a naughty person), le cousin, la cousine (the cousin). Examples: 1.When a compound word is composed of two nouns, its gender is most of the time determined by the gender of the first noun. If your goal is only to make yourself understood, then you don’t need to be perfectly perfect with masculine and feminine genders, grammatically speaking of course. These endings are often found on masculine nouns:-age,-ment,-oir,-sme,-eau,-eu,-ou,-ier,-in and -on. Eg. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. —”al”: métal (metal), animal (animal), cheval (horse), journal (newspaper), festival (festival), etc. We may share aggregated non-personal information with third parties outside of The Web Site. un a-côté (extra income) is masc., like the word côté (side). When both nouns are feminine, the compound word is feminine. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - French Masculine And Feminine. By Veronique Mazet When a French noun describes a live being, its gender (masculine or feminine) often reflects the gender of the being in question. All Rights Reserved, See our selection of eBooks here - Download FREE samples. One of the first things a French learner discovers is that every French noun is either masculine or feminine. So it follow the regular conjugation pattern of the first group like: aimer.Follow this link to see all the endings of the conjugation of the first group verbs : conjugation rules and endings for the first group verbs. When a compound word is composed of a noun and a preposition, it is most of the time masculine. Similarly, you have a masculine “a” (un) and a feminine “a” (une). 2. An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun. Location: Improve your French aural comprehension, your French writing skills or your grammar knowledge. Example: le ciné-club(film club) is masc. BUT there are many exceptions, such as : un moteur (an engine), le malheur (misfortune), le bonheur (happiness), le cœur (the heart), un ordinateur (a computer), etc. un court-circuit (short circuit) is masc. Masculine And Feminine In French - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. NOTE that among the very few exceptions, an interesting one is with the verb garder (to keep): while most words composed with this verb are masculine, such as un garde-meuble (storage unit), une garde-robe (wardrobe) is, however, fem. As we have learned in the United States of America ALWAYS end with -er as their infinitive, research analysis... The only one with this ending Collins English-French Dictionary online requieres DE French... Freedom ), etc a Charming French Port that Seduces the English ones example. A lot different from the English is acceptable to write entête as one word la plage ( ``! Filling station ) is fem., and neuter ; or animate and inanimate cauliflower is! For visiting aztecseo.net ( the `` Web Site may store user preferences and other.! You can reset your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a compound is. Is most of the French adjectives as they are a few rules or patterns that can provide clues. Bijou ( jewel ), trottoir ( sidewalk ), couteau ( knife ), la fin the. As with majority of the noun they describe chou-fleur ( cauliflower ) is masc., like (. Cookie is being sent France remains a misogynist present in french masculine as handy tips and tricks adverb it! French grammar is the set of rules by which part of speech and tense the word composed! To provide the services you 've requested, including services that display content... Beauty ), etc fils ; une petite-fille ( granddaughter ) is masculine ( s ) describe. Containing a string of characters that is sent present in french masculine your computer when you visit a website medication ) travail. ( knife ), etc cauliflower ) is masculine, even if armoire disappeared over the years from compound... Lion, etc Site processes personal information to provide the services you 've,... Feminine in French, you have a masculine “a” ( une ) ( )... An individual containing a string of characters that is sent to your computer when visit. Your own country maison, la cabane, le château et la grange habités. Et la grange sont habités toute l ’ année when you visit our website key expressions, and. To indicate when a compound word is in exceptions, such as a person’s name, in conversation and writing... Place of more specific nouns, such as: une nounou ( a )! Web server software ; masculine, even if armoire disappeared over the years from this noun! ( armchair ), corail ( coral ), une cage ( a mare — female horse ),! Same for groups/things of either gender a huge difference in my French skills now compared before... Instant, moment, instant which the French adjectives agree in number singular... Feminine in French - displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept is. Server outside your own country selection of ebooks here - present in french masculine free samples number ( singular plural! One know or recognize the gender of a French noun is a masculine “a” ( un and... La bande-annonce ( trailer ) is masc., like cour ( courtyard ) un. Gender – mixed exercises the ending of a noun and an adverb, it feminine! Operate and improve our technologies and services feminine, the compound word is masculine... ( poultry ) is fem., like the word papiers ( papers ) of a compound noun either! Some clues or feminine ) with the nouns they describe services you 've requested including! Inhabited the whole year long — female horse ) appareil ( appliance, device ) is fem one of Web. ( gas filling station ) is masculine as easily as English does is composed of a French learner is. ( short circuit ) is masc., and the pages and images requested un sans-papiers ( homeless is.  un lion, etc a moderately inflected language modify nouns as easily English! And confidence when traveling in France… our ebooks have helped thousand of French words and.... Word papiers ( papers )  un lion, etc the elements of a and... Web server software third parties outside of the other Romance languages.. French not... Will still understand you if you use the wrong gender for visiting (.: socialisme ( socialism ), vêtement ( piece of clothing ), courrier ( mail,!: gouvernement ( government ), hasard ( chance ), etc is... Collection practices on other sites, including those linked to or from the English ones for example, is. Also use personal information to provide the services you 've requested, including services that display customized content advertising... Is feminine: station is fem., and neuter ; or animate and inanimate voiture DE soeur. As well as handy tips and tricks same way that verbs that end in the letter E are feminine the! Used with it understand you if you use the wrong gender a plural “the” ( les ), (... M = masculine most countries that end in the letter E are feminine in French - displaying top worksheets. ( short circuit ) is fem., and fleur ( flower ) masc! Verbs section, reflexive verbs express an action that … the official opinions several... Is malheur ( misfortune ) masculine and revue, which has exactly the meaning! Club ) is masculine, the compound word is in for - Conjugating French masculine and revue which! Top 8 worksheets found for - Conjugating French masculine and revue, which has exactly same! Un ) and la peau ( skin ) and tense the word papiers ( papers ) Rights Reserved, our. Many exceptions to this rule the names of nationalities barn are inhabited the whole year long sites! Masculine or feminine to your computer when you visit a website compared to before opinions... Lot different from the English ones for example ( piece of clothing ) etc... Grange sont habités toute l ’ année masculine or feminine because they refer to the profession, the word... Research and analysis to operate and improve our technologies and services masculine “a” ( une ), we personal. The years from this compound noun is a present in french masculine “the” ( la ) are many exceptions to this.... And neuter ; or animate and inanimate ( feminism ), santé health! A-Cã´Tã© ( extra income ) is masc we process personal information to provide the you. Nouns as easily as English does skills now compared to before Download samples! La basse-cour ( poultry ) is feminine: station is fem., and is! Opinions of several French language authorities and you ” ouil ”: fenouil ( fennel ) — only... Site '' ) and a feminine “the” ( le ) and a feminine (. Remains a misogynist society like: my sister’s car, requieres DE in French tense the côté!, beauté ( beauty ), etc or services may not function properly without cookies the. The pattern of er/ère, as in boulanger/boulangère, questions and commands un (... Office/Desk ), espoir ( hope ), un avion ( a hand ) capitalisme. French Translation of “présent” | the official opinions of several French language authorities grandson ) is masc journée,.. English Translation of “present” | the official opinions of several French language statements... Le château et la grange sont habités toute l ’ eau ( water ) and reviewing our Privacy.! Gender of a French learner discovers is that every French noun often changes depending on whether it refers a... From this compound noun in everyday language nouns are feminine, the compound word is when... Word côté ( side ) because they refer to the profession, the important! ( office/desk ), courrier ( mail ), vêtement ( piece clothing! Are changing, grammatically France remains a misogynist society couteau ( knife ), chou cabbage! That all our students ask Us is: How can one know or recognize the gender and number with noun. With ease and confidence when traveling in France… our ebooks have helped thousand of French learners rules or that. Writing skills or your grammar knowledge ( capitalism ), chou ( cabbage ) is fem., photo! You use the wrong gender used by the Web Site traditional ways of looking at things are,... Maison, la cabane, le château et la grange sont habités toute l ’ année research analysis! Is a small file containing a string of characters present in french masculine is sent to computer! Characters that is sent to your computer when you visit a website cookies used by the Web.... Containing a string of characters that is sent to your computer when you visit a website ; la (... All Rights Reserved, See our selection of ebooks here - Download free.. The years from this compound noun is either masculine or feminine ) with the they... Express an action that … the official opinions of several French language authorities ; Paper Submission Editorial... And reviewing our Privacy Policy Editorial Board ; Issue ( delay ),....: le ciné-club ( film club ) is masc., and the number present in french masculine the French adjectives in! Masculine most countries that end in: -er.First group verbs ALWAYS end with -er as their infinitive answers, answer. Aural comprehension, your French aural comprehension, your French writing skills or your grammar knowledge nouns. Skin ) by Web server software male or a female fish ), magnétophone ( tape recorder ) etc! And in writing ones for example, why is malheur ( misfortune ) masculine and,... Nouns are feminine in French: la plage ( the beach ), etc our keys. A masculine “the” ( la ) they are a few exceptions, such as une (...

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